PMI-SP Demo and Sample
Note: Answers are below each question.
Samples are taken from full version.
A company hires a scheduler for one of its projects. What skills should he possess to efficiently work with the project team? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose three.
Answer: D, B, A
A scheduler schedules the constraints for the project into phases with respect to the time and resources available. He can be hired from outside a company, or from within a company. The basic roles of a scheduler are as follows: Feasibility Planning: A scheduler is the time management expert who paints a picture of the project. He develops a strategy for delivery and to gain consensus. Execution Schedule: A scheduler works with the project team to optimize and refine the schedule until an agreed schedule has been developed. Performance Control: A schedule is maintained by the scheduler who optimizes outcomes and instructs the project team on their presentation. It is important that the scheduler be aware of the changes and trends related to the project delivery. Answer option C is incorrect. This is the skill possessed by the project manager.
Which of the following is NOT an output of the control schedule process?
Organizational process assets
Project termination request
Project document updates
The project termination request is not an output of the control schedule. Early termination of a project is a closing process and usually does not stem from the project manager. The outputs of the control schedule process are as follows: Work Performance Measurements: The work packages and control accounts are documented and communicated to the stakeholders. Organizational Process Assets Updates: The assets that are updated are: corrective actions chosen and the reasons, causes of variance, and other types of lessons learned from project schedule control. Change Requests: It is processed for reviews and disposition through the
Perform Integrated Change Control process. Project Management Plan Updates: The elements that need to be updated are: schedule baseline, schedule management plan, cost baseline. Project Document Updates: The elements that need to be updated in project document updates are: schedule data and project schedule.
You are the project manager of the NHQ project. This project is scheduled to last for six months and will require $345,000 to complete. If the project completes earlier than scheduled, your organization will receive a bonus of $5,000 per day for the early completion. Management has asked you to develop an aggressive schedule to realize as much of the bonus as possible, but you must be careful not to increase project risk beyond an acceptable level of risk exposure. Which of the following approaches is most likely to increase project risk?
Using the critical chain method
Adding leads to the project work
Fast tracking allows entire phases of the project to overlap and this action does increase risks. This is an approach that you would want to avoid in your project. Answer option B is incorrect.
Crashing adds labor to the project and typically drives project costs. Answer option A is
incorrect. The critical chain method considers the availability of project resources as part of its network diagramming technique. Answer option C is incorrect. Lead time allows project activities to overlap and may introduce project risks, but not to the extent of using fast tracking.
You are the project manager of the GHY Project. This project is scheduled to last for one year and has a BAC of $4,500,000. You are currently 45 percent complete with this project, though you are supposed to be at your second milestone, which accounts for half of the project completion. There have been some errors in the project, which has caused you to spend
$2,073,654. What is this project's planned value?
B. There is not enough information to know C. $4,500,000
The planned value is the worth of the project if it were on time. In this instance, the project should be 50 percent complete, so the planned value is half of the project budget - $2,250,000. Planned value (PV) is the authorized budget assigned to the schedule work to be accomplished for a schedule activity or work breakdown structure component. It serves as a baseline against which actual performance is measured. The theory of planned value is of vital importance to the project management team and it is important to keep careful track of this. The term planned value can also be in some situations referred to by the project management team and the project management team leader as the budgeted cost of work scheduled (BCWS). Answer option C is incorrect. This is the budget at completion. Answer option A is incorrect. This is the earned value for the project. Answer option B is incorrect. There is enough information to know.
You are the project manager for your organization. You want to record some details about the work that the project team has to complete. You want to document the level of effort, where the work is to be performed, and the person who will be responsible for completing the work. Which of the following is the best place to document this information?
Project management plan
Schedule Management Plan
Roles and Responsibilities Matrix
The activity attributes initially include the Activity ID, WBS ID, and the Activity Name, but it can evolve over time to include other components about the work. Activity attributes are an output of the Define Activity process. These attributes refer to the multiple components that frame up an activity. The components for each activity during the early stages of the project are the Activity ID, WBS ID, and Activity name. At the later stages, the activity attributes include Activity codes, Predecessor activity, activity description, logical relationship, successor activity, leads and lags, imposed dates, and constraints and assumptions. Activity attributes are used for schedule development and for ordering, selecting, and sorting the planned schedule activities in a number of ways within reports. Answer option B is incorrect. A project management plan is a formal document that defines how the project is being monitored, controlled, and executed. It is not the best answer. Answer option D is incorrect. The roles and responsibilities matrix records the work and the person to record the work, but does not offer additional information such as locale for the work, level of effort, and other information. Answer option C is incorrect. The Schedule Management Plan defines how the schedule will be created, executed, and controlled.
Steve is the project manager for the POK Project. He is working with the project customers to determine how frequently they'd like to receive the project information. The customers would like weekly status reports on how the project is performing. Where should Steve document this information?
Communications management plan
Schedule management plan
The communications management plan defines who needs what information, when the information is needed, and the modality the information is expected in. Answer option C is incorrect. The project schedule could include project management activities such as schedule communication, but the communications management plan is the best answer as this information is absolutely documented in this plan. Answer option D is incorrect. The schedule management is not the best location for this information. Answer option B is incorrect. The request for customer communication is not an issue, so this choice is not the most appropriate.
Jenny is the project manager for her organization. Her project is not doing well on project schedule performance, and management wants her to predict how the project schedule and cost will end. Management has asked Jenny to report and forecast her project's performance based on the Judgmental methods. Which of the following judgmental methods will Jenny use to accomplish the task? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.
Forecast by analogy
Autoregressive moving average
Answer: D, B, A
The judgmental forecasting method incorporates intuitive judgments, opinions and subjective probability estimates. Some examples of judgmental forecasting are as follows: Composite forecasts Surveys Delphi method Scenario building Technology forecasting Forecast by analogy
Answer option C is incorrect. Autoregressive moving average is an example of the causal/econometric method.
You work as a project manager for BlueWell Inc. You are creating the activity list for the project. The activity list is based on the work packages defined in the project's WBS. Activities provide a basis for all of the following information except for which one?
The project's scope baseline is not derived or provided by the project's activity list. The scope baseline is made of the project's WBS, WBS Dictionary, and the Project Scope Statement. The activity list provides for estimating, scheduling, executing, and monitoring and controlling the project work. The scope baseline is an element of the project management plan. The contents of the scope baseline include the following: Project scope statement: It includes the product scope description and the project deliverables, and defines the product user acceptance criteria. WBS: It defines each deliverable and the decomposition of the deliverables into work packages. WBS
dictionary: It contains the detailed description of work and technical documentation for each
WBS element. Answer option D is incorrect. Estimates do provide a basis for creating time and cost estimates. Answer option B is incorrect. Activities are executed in the project. Answer option C is incorrect. Activities are scheduled as part of project planning.
Tom is the project manager of the GHQ Project for his organization and he is working on recovering the project schedule. As Tom examines his schedule, he is especially aware of project activities with hard logic. What is hard logic?
Hard logic describes activities that can be completed in any order but are positioned with finish-to-start relationships.
Hard logic describes activities that have external constraints, such as a vendor.
Hard logic describes activities that must be completed in a particular order unless additional resources with comparable skill sets can be added to the project.
Hard logic describes activities that must be completed in a particular order.
Hard logic, also known as mandatory dependencies, describes activities that must be completed in a particular order. Hard logic is a binding connection between activities. It is also known as mandatory dependency or hard dependency. Hard logic requires activities to take place in a specific order according to the nature of work. It is a well-built connection where an activity cannot start until and unless a previous one is completed. There are also substantial hard logic connections where soft logic does not usually apply. Several activities rely on hard logic for the successful completion of the project. Answer options B, A, and C are incorrect. These are not a valid description of hard logic.
You are the project manager for your organization. You are working with your project team to create the schedule baseline for your project. You will also be creating the schedule data for this project. The schedule data typically includes all of the following except for which one?
Risk activities are not part of the schedule data. Risk is documented in the risk register, and monitored and controlled throughout the project. In some instances, risk may be part of the activity attributes. The schedule data includes the schedule milestones, schedule activities, activity attributes, and the assumptions and constraints. The schedule data includes the schedule activities, schedule milestones, activity attributes, and documentation of all known assumptions and constraints. The sum of additional data varies by application area. The schedule data commonly supplied as supporting details includes: Resource requirement by time period, frequently in the category of histogram Alternative schedules, such as best case or worst case, or resource leveled, with or without imposed dates Scheduling of contingency reserves Answer option D is incorrect. Schedule milestones are part of the schedule data. A Answer option B is incorrect. Schedule activities are part of the schedule data. Answer option C is incorrect. Activity attributes are part of the schedule data.
Mary is the project manager of the H1QZ Project. This project is a subproject of the HQZ Project and the project schedule is fixed and cannot vary. Stephen, a project team member,
reports that he's having trouble completing his project assignment and will likely be at least two days late. Examine the figure given below:
If Stephen's assignment is Activity B, what impact will his two days of lateness have on the project end date?
The project will complete on time.
The project will be late by one day.
The project will be late by two days.
The project will be early by two days.
Answer: Pending. Please send your suggestions to support@
Which of the following provides a method to track project progress during project execution against what was planned?
Team members profile
Detailed project budget
A schedule baseline provides a method to track project progress during project execution against what was planned.
What is schedule baseline?
Schedule baseline is a project schedule used in measuring project progress. It helps provide a comparison with the actual progress of work against the schedule and to determine if performance to date is within acceptable parameters. Any change caused by change in scope of the project invalidates the original schedule and requires a new baseline schedule. Answer
options D, A, and B are incorrect. A detailed project budget, team members profile, and benefit- cost ratio will not help you track project progress.
What is BCR?
A benefit-cost ratio (BCR) is an indicator, used in the formal discipline of cost-benefit analysis, that attempts to summarize the overall value for money of a project or proposal. A BCR is the ratio of the benefits of a project or proposal, expressed in monetary terms, relative to its costs, also expressed in monetary terms. All benefits and costs should be expressed in discounted present values. For e.g., a BCR of $3.8 indicates a payback of $3.8 for each dollar expended.
You have been hired as a contract project manager for Tech Perfect Inc. The project has already been started. Sufficient details of the project have already been structured. You are working with your team for cost estimation of the project. Which of the following estimating techniques will you use for the highest degree of accuracy?
According to the question, you have to use the estimating technique that has a higher degree of
accuracy. The most accurate estimating technique is bottom-up estimating. What is bottom-up estimating?
Bottom-up is a cost estimating technique that involves estimating the cost of individual work
packages or schedule activities with the lowest level of detail. The detailed cost is rolled up (or summarized) to higher levels for total project estimates. This summarized data is very useful for reporting and tracking purposes. Bottom-up estimating provides a higher degree of accuracy, provided the estimates at the work package level are accurate. Answer options C, A, and B are incorrect. Parametric modeling and analogous estimating techniques use top-down estimation model. These are less accurate than the bottom-up estimation.
What is analogous estimating?
Analogous is an estimating technique that uses the values of parameter, such as scope, cost, budget, and duration or measures of scale such as size, weight, and complexity from a previous, similar activity as the basis for estimation of the same parameter for a future activity. It is a top- down estimating technique and is a form of expert judgment. It provides a lower degree of accuracy than other estimating techniques. This technique is primarily used when there is a limited amount of detailed information about the project or program.
What is parametric modeling?
Parametric modeling is an estimating technique that uses parameters, or project characteristics, to forecast project costs. It involves a top-down approach and is similar but more accurate than analogous estimating. It uses historical data and other variables to calculate an estimate for activity parameters, such as scope, cost, budget, and duration.
Beth is the project manager of the KJH project. Sarah is Beth's administrative assistant and Ben is the project team leader. Beth's project has eight virtual teams throughout the world that will be working on the activities relevant to the deliverables in their locales. Thomas, the project sponsor, has told Beth that he is to be kept abreast of all communication between her project and the stakeholders. In this project, who is the lead person responsible for communication with all stakeholders?
Each of the team leaders for the eight virtual teams
Beth, the project manager, is responsible for communication with all stakeholders. According to the PMBOK, the project manager occupies the center of the interactions between stakeholders
and the project itself. Answer option B is incorrect. Sarah may help with the communications,
but she is not responsible for the communications. Answer option A is incorrect. Thomas, the project sponsor, just needs to be kept abreast of the information. Answer option C is incorrect. The project team leaders for the virtual sites are not responsible for communicating with the project stakeholders.
What project management plan will document the time frame and frequency for the distribution of required information?
Scope Management Plan
Communications Management Plan
Stakeholder Management Plan
Schedule Management Plan
The project's Communications Management Plan defines what information will be distributed, when it will be distributed, to whom it will be distributed, and the modality of the information. Answer option D is incorrect. The Schedule Management Plan defines the project work, when the project work will happen, resource utilization, and how the schedule will be monitored and controlled. Answer option C is incorrect. There is a stakeholder management strategy, but not a Stakeholder Management Plan. Answer option A is incorrect. The project's Scope Management Plan defines how the scope will be created, how the changes will be allowed, how the scope will be executed, monitored and controlled, and finally closed.
Fill in the blank with the appropriate word. When activities are logically linked, they become the .
An activity is an individual element of work that is logically linked to other activities to form the schedule. Its primary characteristics include an overall duration based upon the resources applied to it (manpower, material, and equipment), as well as a start and completion date that is tied to a work calendar. It also has a relationship with other activities (predecessors and successors).
Examine the figure given below.
In this project network diagram, what is the total float for Activity I?
The float for Activity I is three days. The early start for Activity I is Day 17 and the late start for Activity I is Day 20. Therefore, the difference of the early start and the late start reveals the float as three days. It is possible, and acceptable, to use the difference of the early finish and the late finish to find the float, as the value will be the same amount. Answer options B, D, and C are incorrect. These are not the valid calculation for the total float.
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